What is obesity?
Obesity is defined as having a BMI of at least 30 kilograms per meter squared. Now why do we care about obesity? Well if you have a diagnosis of obesity it carries with it an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease, diabetes, mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
Therefore, focusing on weight loss through safe exercise and a proper nutrition plan will help reduce your risk of developing one of these four conditions. Obesity is much more than just an outward appearance, it's a warning sign of developing one of these potential complications. If conservative measures for weight loss fail, then we can use other modalities like pharmacal therapy or medications and even bariatric surgery.
Bariatric surgery is reserved for patients who have an elevated BMI of at least 40 or if they have a BMI of 35 point 0 to 39 point 9 in association with a serious disease or comorbidity like obstructive sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, mellitus hypertension or hyperlipidemia. There are four main types of bariatric surgery.
One is Ruan why gastric bypass there's laparoscopic adjustable gastric band a gastric sleeve and also the duodenal switch with belial pancreatic diversion. When you eat food it goes down your esophagus into the stomach and into the small intestine. Basically all of those for bariatric surgeries that I talked about work to either restrict the amount of food that the stomach can hold or reduce or bypass part of the small intestine. All with the desired effect of having you reduced less calories which will result in weight loss.